Basics of Insurance

Meaning of Insurance
Insurance provides financial protection against a loss arising out of happening of an uncertain event. A person can avail this protection by paying premium to an insurance company. 
A pool is created through contributions made by persons seeking to protect themselves from common risk. Premium is collected by insurance companies which also act as trustee to the pool. Any loss to the insured in case of happening of an uncertain event is paid out of this pool.
Insurance works on the basic principle of risk-sharing. A great advantage of insurance is that it spreads the risk of a few people over a large group of people exposed to risk of similar type.

Definition 
Insurance is a contract between two parties whereby one party agrees to undertake the risk of another in exchange for consideration known as premium and promises to pay a fixed sum of money to the other party on happening of an uncertain event (death) or after the expiry of a certain period in case of life insurance or to indemnify the other party on happening of an uncertain event in case of general insurance. 
The party bearing the risk is known as the ’insurer’ or ’assurer’ and the party whose risk is covered is known as the ’insured’ or ’assured’.

Concept of Insurance / How Insurance Works
The concept behind insurance is that a group of people exposed to similar risk come together and make contributions towards formation of a pool of funds. In case a person actually suffers a loss on account of such risk, he is compensated out of the same pool of funds. Contribution to the pool is made by a group of people sharing common risks and collected by the insurance companies in the form of premiums. 

 

WHY SHOULD I BUY INSURANCE?

All assets have some economic value attached to them. No person can deny that there is also a possibility that these assets may get damaged/destroyed or become non-operational due to risks like breakdowns, fire, floods, earthquake etc. Different assets are exposed to different types of risks like a car has a risk of theft or meeting an accident, a house is exposed to risk of catching fire, a human is exposed to risk of death/accident. Insurance is needed because of following reasons:
Social Security Tool 
Insurance acts as an important tool providing a sense of security to the society on a whole. It is the right of every human-being to have basic amenities like food, clothing, housing, medical care, standard of living necessary for his personal and family’s well being, and right to security in case of unemployment, disability, sickness or any other circumstances out of his control.
In case the bread earner of a family dies, the family suffers from direct financial loss as family’s income ceases. As a result, family’s economic condition gets affected unless there are other arrangements to rescue the family from this situation. Life insurance is one alternate arrangement that offers some respite to the family from financial distress. Otherwise this family would have been pushed into the lower strata of the society, which would be an additional cost to the society. This is because subsidies would have to be given to the family so as to enable it to survive and enjoy the basic rights at par with other people. Moreover, a poor family is generally seen to have a large family size with family members being illiterate. This on a whole affects the society and is a cost to the society. Therefore, insurance compliments the state in social management efforts. 
Uncertainty
The basic need of insurance arises as risks are uncertain and unpredictable in nature. Getting insurance for an asset does not mean that the asset is protected against risks or its exposure to risk is reduced, but it actually implies that in case the asset suffers any loss in value due to such risk, the insurance company bears the loss and compensates the insured by making payment to him. 
Economic Development
The premium paid by people to the insurance companies is a part of their savings. Insurance, thus, acts as a useful instrument in promoting savings and investments, particularly within the lower-income and middle-income families. These savings are ultimately used as investments fuelling economic growth. 
General Purposes of Insurance
Insurance is widely popular and beneficial because of its following general purposes:

  1. Protection or safety (Term insurances) : These plans are best suited for people aged upto 35 years as it provides higher protection at low cost. These plans are also beneficial for a person whose income is low and want to secure their family from financial default in case of his death.
  2. Marriage or education of the child (Children plans)
  3. Speedy growth of money & risk cover (Unit Linked Plans)
  4. Saving and Protection (Endowment type plans)

Saving, protection & liquidity (Money back plans)The above purposes apply for life insurance. In case of General insurance the basic purpose is to protect the insured against financial loss suffered by him or creation of liability, due to the causes covered by the policy.


SEBI#39;s latest move now allows investors to come to exchanges directly, just as they could go to the MFU entirely on their own.
Wed, 26 Feb 2020 22:02:13 +0530


Thanks to popularity of SIPs, individual investors now hold a higher share of MF assets at around 53 percent of total AUM as of December-end
Tue, 11 Feb 2020 18:32:22 +0530


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Wed, 22 Jan 2020 09:31:05 +0530


However, the pace of growth in folio numbers dropped in 2019 as compared to preceding three years. Industry experts attributed the trend to decline in investors account in debt oriented schemes as they were spooked by credit events in fixed income market.
Tue, 21 Jan 2020 15:14:07 +0530


Geojit has come out with its report on SBI Cards. The research firm has recommended to "Subscribe#39;#39; the IPO in its research report as on February 27, 2020
Thu, 27 Feb 2020 16:53:13 +0530


Ajcon Global has come out with its report on SBI Cards. The research firm has recommended to "Subscribe#39;#39; the IPO in its research report as on February 27, 2020
Thu, 27 Feb 2020 16:53:11 +0530


Arihant Capital has come out with its report on SBI Cards. The research firm has recommended to "Subscribe#39;#39; the IPO in its research report as on February 27, 2020
Thu, 27 Feb 2020 16:53:05 +0530


Hem Securities has come out with its report on SBI Cards. The research firm has recommended to "Subscribe#39;#39; the IPO in its research report as on February 27, 2020
Thu, 27 Feb 2020 16:53:03 +0530


LKP Research has come out with its report on SBI Cards. The research firm has recommended to "Subscribe#39;#39; the IPO in its research report as on February 27, 2020
Thu, 27 Feb 2020 16:53:01 +0530


SPA Securities has come out with its report on SBI Cards. The research firm has recommended to "Subscribe#39;#39; the IPO in its research report as on February 27, 2020
Thu, 27 Feb 2020 16:52:59 +0530


Mehta Equities has come out with its report on SBI Cards. The research firm has recommended to "Subscribe#39;#39; the IPO in its research report as on February 27, 2020
Thu, 27 Feb 2020 16:52:57 +0530


Angel Broking has come out with its report on SBI Cards. The research firm has recommended to "Subscribe#39;#39; the IPO in its research report as on February 27, 2020
Thu, 27 Feb 2020 16:52:55 +0530


YES Securities has come out with its report on SBI Cards. The research firm has recommended to "Subscribe#39;#39; the IPO in its research report as on February 26, 2020
Wed, 26 Feb 2020 11:19:07 +0530


The issue will close on March 6. Company proposed to utilise the net fresh issue proceeds towards reduction of the aggregate outstanding borrowings.
Mon, 24 Feb 2020 12:33:40 +0530


The company plans to issue new shares worth Rs 5 billion and will offer up to 130.5 million shares for sale, the prospectus, dated February 18, showed.
Thu, 20 Feb 2020 11:45:03 +0530


A report noted that SBI is likely to raise Rs 2,780-2,880 crore with this IPO.
Tue, 18 Feb 2020 17:57:19 +0530


The offer for sale includes up to 3,72,93,371 equity shares by SBI and up to 9,32,33,427 equity shares by CA Rover Holdings.
Tue, 11 Feb 2020 16:26:03 +0530


The Rs 1,400-crore public issue was subscribed 62 percent despite extending the subscription period twice since its opening, and reducing the price band to Rs 71-77, down from Rs 72-77 earlier.
Wed, 05 Feb 2020 18:12:49 +0530


After the issue, government shareholding in the company will reduce to 74.96 percent from 90 percent.
Mon, 03 Feb 2020 19:46:22 +0530

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